Year in year out the environmental reputation of your own ‘southern capital’ deteriorates substantially
July 6, 1994 – is signed the fresh new Solution of one’s Supreme Council of your Republic away from Kazakhstan “On transfer of one’s funding of the Republic out of Kazakhstan.” Now, this day are theoretically proclaimed because Day’s the capital. 1996 – Top Asian, African and you can European architects has actually achieved to go over brand new illustrations regarding general creativity bundle of your the latest funding. This new internationally competition to find the best general development of Astana won the japanese designer Kisho Kurokawa. Akmola try proclaimed just like the resource out-of Kazakhstan to the 10th December 1997 from the President from Kazakhstan Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev as well as the Parliament out of Republic out of Kazakhstan. The newest globally presentation regarding Astana, while the the fresh funding from Kazakhstan, happened toward tenth Summer 1998. Within the 1999 Astana is issued into the medal and label from Town of Comfort from the UNESCO. Today new city’s territory is more than eight twenty-two sq .. kilometer.
Of the Presidential ed to your Astana
The first capitals regarding contemporary, present and progressive reputation for Kazakhstan was in fact a few some other places in the the same time Alash-kala (1917-1920) – currentntly titled Semey ( 1 / 2 of section of Alash-kala Region of Kazakhstan had been taked off from Kazakhstan on more attacks from Russian Empire and you may USSR and you may turned progressive Kemerovskaya oblast – Kemerovo ( Kazakh town Komir kemer translated regarding kazakh while the Mountain hillside away from coal ), Altayskiy Kray – Barnaul ( Kazakh Slopes of Altai with Kazakh city Boranaul translated off Kazakh once the town away from snowfall-violent storm otherwise town of blizzard) and you can Altai Republic – Gorno-Altaisk.(Kazakh Hills out-of Altai which have Kazakh town Kos-Agash or Kosh-Agash function the fresh woods few and additionally curtain of one’s trees and you may literal translation throughout the Kazakh term “kosh” and you will “agash” mode “good-bye, the tree”, add up to dependent here treeless landscapes) Kazakh Tobol Part totally taked off nowadays they an region of modern Tumenskaya oblast – Tumen ( Kazakh town Tomen for example Down), Tobolsk (Kazakh city towards lake Tobyl and therefore named immediately after Tobyl-Tura Siberian Kazakh Khan) and you can Novosibirskaya oblast-Novosibirsk ( Sibir otherwise Siberia are a Kazakh places off Siberian Kazakh Khanate), Tomskaya oblast-Tomsk ( Kazakh city Tombi
Kokand (off 1917-1918, afterwards Tashkent away from 1918-1924)) – currently which towns and cities located on the region away from Uzbekistan just like the Oct 27, 1924 – 1925 as a result of the national-territorial delimitation off management and you will territorial muddy matches Coupon reform from USSR gone to live in new recently-shaped this new Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic 1925 which have an investment in the Samarkand (produced from the fresh shared regions of the disbandment of your Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic, of Bukhara Soviet Socialist Republic and you will taked out of territoies of Kazakhstan from the Syrdarya region of Kazakhstan Amudariya and you may Tashkent countyies),
Orynbor ( already named Orenburg) when you look at the 1920 – 1925 ( afterwards the Kazakh territoryies were taked off from Kazakhstan – Kazakh Orynbor Part (already 1 / 2 of Orynbor Part turned element of Bashkiriya-Russia’s Freedom Republic), Orenburg , Kurgan ( is actually Kazakh city Korgan) and you may Chelyabinsk ( are Kazakh city Chelyabi) oblast(regions) off Russian Federation) ; Kazakh Bukei Area, Kazakh Nogay Horde and you may Astrakhan Kazakh Khanate ( already Astrakhan oblast and you can Kalmyk Autonomy Republic away from Russian Federation ( Kazakh town Asterkhan-Kazhy Tarkhan ) and you can state Sary-Tau ( today called Saratovskaya oblast-Saratov), county Sary-Su( entitled in Russian Kingdom Tsaritsyn after that rebranded to help you Volgagrad) and ; Kazakh town and condition Ombi out-of Akmola Part ( currently Omsk Area for Russian Federation) ; Kazakh metropolises and you may countyies Tombi and you will Tobyl ( already Tomsk and you will Tobolsk),
Kazakhstan this may be is actually relocated to Kyzylorda from inside the 1925. The development of the Turkish train are the key reason having going the administrative centre in order to Alma-Ata in 1929. The administrative centre are went from Almaty to Akmola to possess financial, ecological and geographical causes. Almaty is simply too from the the real geographic center of nation. The people inside Almaty is practically 1.5 mil no after that applicants having rooms. In fact the town is quite overbuilt, densely populated and also no free areas to possess creativity. Transport is even a problem. It’s perhaps one of the most polluted towns and cities for the Kazakhstan. Akmola try selected while the most readily useful option, according to a country-broad studies taking into consideration thirty two variables and additionally socioeconomic indicator, environment, surroundings, seismic position, natural environment, technology and you will transportation system, framework organization and you will employees. Decisive benefits of Astana incorporated its complete position, region, main location, proximity so you’re able to big monetary stores and you can arteries, potential to boost the society so you can eight hundred,000, secure utility supplies, well-set up transport structure and you may well-balanced surrounding.